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Daily Trivia - July 24

Births

1660 - Charles Talbot, 1st Duke of Shrewsbury, English politician (d. 1718)
1725 - John Newton English cleric and hymnist (d. 1807)
1757 - Vladimir Borovikovsky, Russian painter (d. 1825)
1783 - Simón Bolívar, South American liberator (d. 1830)
1786 - Joseph Nicollet, French mathematician and explorer (d. 1843)
1794 - Johan Georg Forchhammer, Danish geologist (d. 1865)
1802 - Alexandre Dumas père, French writer (d. 1870)
1803 - Adolphe Charles Adam, French composer (d. 1856)
1826 - Ivan Bloch, Military theorist and peace activist (d. 1902)
1851 - Friedrich Schottky, German mathematician (d. 1935)
1853 - William Gillette, American actor and author (d. 1937)
1857 - Henrik Pontoppidan, Danish writer, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1943)
1860 - Alfons Mucha, Czech artist (d. 1939)
1864 - Frank Wedekind, German writer (d. 1918)
1874 - Oswald Chambers, Christian writer (d. 1917)
1878 - Lord Dunsany, Irish writer (d. 1957)
1880 - Ernest Bloch, Swiss composer (d. 1959)
1895 - Robert Graves, English author (d. 1985)
1897 - Amelia Earhart, American aviator (disappeared 1937)
1899 - Chief Dan George, Meti actor (d. 1981)
1908 - Cootie Williams, American trumpeter (d. 1985)
1916 - John D. MacDonald, American novelist, (d. 1986)
1917 - Robert Farnon, Canadian-born conductor, composer, and arranger (d. 2005)
1918 - Ruggiero Ricci, American violinist
1920 - Bella Abzug, U.S. Congresswoman (d. 1998)
1929 - Oriana Fallaci, Italian journalist and author
1931 - Ermanno Olmi, Italian director
1933 - Doug Sanders, American golfer
1935 - Pat Oliphant, Australian political cartoonist
1936 - Ruth Buzzi, American actress and comedienne
1940 - Stanley Hauerwas, American theologian
1942 - Chris Sarandon, American actor
1945 - Azim Premji, Indian businessman
1947 - Robert Hays, American actor
1947 - Peter Serkin, American pianist
1949 - Michael Richards, American comedian
1951 - Lynda Carter, American actress
1951 - Chris Smith, British politician
1952 - Gus Van Sant, American film director
1955 - Andrzej Łuczak, Polish stucco decorator, painter, photographer
1957 - Pam Tillis, American singer
1963 - Karl Malone, American basketball player
1964 - Barry Bonds, baseball player
1964 - PJ Phillips, British musician
1965 - Kadeem Hardison, American actor
1968 - Kristin Chenoweth, American singer and actress
1968 - Laura Leighton, American actress
1969 - Rick Fox, Canadian basketball player
1969 - Jennifer Lopez, American actress and singer
1970 - Stephanie Adams, American model and author
1975 - Torrie Wilson, American wrestler
1976 - Nate Bump, American baseball player
1979 - Stat Quo, American rapper
1980 - Gauge, American porn star
1981 - Summer Glau, American actress
1982 - Anna Paquin, Canadian-born actress
1982 - Elise Crombez, Belgian supermodel
1984 - John Dhani Lennevald, Swedish singer (former A-Teens member)
1985 - Teagan Presley, American actress
1987 - Mara Wilson, American actress
1990 - Daveigh Chase, American actress

Deaths

1115 - Matilda, Countess of Tuscany (b. 1046)
1129 - Shirakawa, Emperor of Japan (b. 1053)
1394 - Alexander Stewart, 1st Earl of Buchan, Scottish prince (b. 1343)
1568 - Prince Don Carlos of Spain (b. 1545)
1594 - John Boste, Catholic saint and martyr (b. 1544)
1739 - Benedetto Marcello, Italian composer (b. 1686)
1768 - Nathanial Lardner, English theologian (b. 1684)
1862 - Martin Van Buren, eighth President of the United States (b. 1782)
1910 - Arkhip Kuindzhi, Russian painter (b. 1841)
1927 - Ryunosuke Akutagawa, Japanese writer (b. 1892)
1965 - Constance Bennett, American actress (b. 1904)
1969 - Witold Gombrowicz, Polish novelist and dramatist (b. 1904)
1970 - Peter de Noronha, Indian buisnessman (b. 1897)
1974 - James Chadwick, English physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1891)
1980 - Peter Sellers, British comedian and actor (b. 1925)
1986 - Fritz Albert Lipmann, American biochemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1899)
1991 - Isaac Bashevis Singer, Polish-born Yiddish author, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1904)
1995 - George Rodger, British photojournalist (b. 1908)
1996 - Mohammed Farah Aidid, Somali warlord (b. 1934)
1997 - William J. Brennan, U.S. Supreme Court Justice (b. 1906)
2005 - Richard Doll, English epidemiologist (b. 1912)

Events

311 - The end of the fifth year of reign of Constantine the Great
1132 - Battle of Nocera between Ranulf II of Alife and Roger II of Sicily.
1216 - Cencio Savelli is consecrated as Pope Honorius III
1411 - Battle of Harlaw, one of the bloodiest battles on Scottish soil.
1487 - Citizens of Leeuwarden, Netherlands strike against ban on foreign beer
1534 - French explorer Jacques Cartier planted a cross on the Gaspé Peninsula and took possession of the territory in the name of the King Francis I of France.
1567 - Mary Queen of Scots is deposed and replaced by her 1 year old son King James VI.
1701 - Antoine de la Mothe Cadillac founded trading post at Ft Pontchartrain, which later becomes the city of Detroit.
1814 - War of 1812: General Phineas Riall advances toward Niagara to halt Jacob Brown's American invaders.
1832 - Benjamin Bonneville leads the first wagon train across the Rocky Mountains by using Wyoming's South Pass.
1847 - After 17 months of travel, Brigham Young leads 148 Mormon pioneers into Salt Lake Valley, resulting in the establishment of Salt Lake City.
1864 - American Civil War: Battle of Kernstown - Confederate General Jubal Early defeats Union troops led by General George Crook in an effort to keep Yankees out of the Shenandoah Valley.
1866 - Reconstruction: Tennessee becomes the first U.S. state to be readmitted to the Union following the American Civil War.
1901 - O. Henry is released from prison in Austin, Texas after serving three years for embezzlement from a bank.
1910 - James MacGillivray publishes first account of Paul Bunyan in the Detroit News.
1911 - Hiram Bingham III re-discovers Machu Picchu "the Lost City of the Incas".
1915 - Passenger ship Eastland capsizes in central Chicago, Illinois, with the loss of 845 lives.
1923 - The Treaty of Lausanne, settling the boundaries of modern Turkey, is signed in Switzerland by Greece, Bulgaria and other countries that fought in the First World War.
1927 - The Menin Gate war memorial is unveiled at Ypres.
1929 - The Kellogg-Briand Pact, renouncing war as an instrument of foreign policy, goes into effect (it was first signed in Paris on August 27, 1928 by most leading world powers).
1931 - A fire at a home for aged people in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania kills 48 people.
1935 - The dust bowl heat wave reaches its peak, sending temperatures to 109°F (44°C) in Chicago, Illinois and 104°F (40°C) in Milwaukee, Wisconsin.
1937 - Alabama drops rape charges against the so-called "Scottsboro Boys."
1943 - World War II: Operation Gomorrah begins: British and Canadian aeroplanes bomb Hamburg by night, those of the Americans by day. By the end of the operation in November, 9,000 tons of explosives will have killed more than 30,000 people and destroyed 280,000 buildings.
1956 - At New York City's Copacabana Club, Dean Martin and Jerry Lewis perform their last comedy show together which started on July 25, 1946.
1956 - Khartoum University College is awarded university status becoming the University of Khartoum
1959 - At the opening of the American National Exhibition in Moscow, US vice-president Richard Nixon and Nikita Khrushchev have a "kitchen debate."
1964 - One criticality (nuclear) accident at Charlestown in Rhode Island (US), killing one. See List of civilian nuclear accidents.
1965 - Vietnam War: Four F-4C Phantoms escorting a bombing raid at Kang Chi are the targets of antiaircraft missiles in the first such attack against American planes in the war. One is shot down and the other three sustain damage.
1967 - During an official state visit to Canada, French President Charles de Gaulle declares to a crowd of over 100,000 in Montreal: Vive le Québec libre! (Long live free Quebec!). The statement, interpreted as support for Quebec independence, delighted many Quebecers but angered the Canadian government and many English Canadians.
1969 - Apollo program: Apollo 11 splashes down safely in the Pacific Ocean.
1974 - Watergate Scandal: The United States Supreme Court unanimously rule that President Richard Nixon did not have the authority to withhold subpoenaed White House tapes and they order him to surrender the tapes to the Watergate special prosecutor.
1979 - Carl Yastrzemski hits his 400th career home run off of Oakland A's Mike Morgan at Fenway Park.
1983 - George Brett, batting for the Kansas City Royals against the New York Yankees, has a game-winning home run nullified in the "Pine Tar Incident".
1998 - Russel Eugene Weston Jr. bursts into the United States Capitol and opens fire killing two police officers. He is later ruled to be incompetent to stand trial.
2001 - Simeon Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, the last Tsar of Bulgaria when he was a child, was sworn in as Prime Minister of Bulgaria, and became the only monarch in history to regain political power through democratic election to a different office.
2001 - The Taiwan Solidarity Union is established.
2002 - James Traficant is expelled from the United States House of Representatives on a vote of 420 to 1.
2002 - Alfred Moisiu becomes President of Albania.
2005 - Lance Armstrong wins his seventh Tour de France.

Holidays

Ecuador - Simón Bolívar Day
Utah - Pioneer Day (1847)
Vanuatu - Children's Day
Venezuela - Birth of the Libertador (Simón Bolívar Day)
Astrology: First day of sun sign Leo
Ancient Latvia - Jekaupa Diena held
Roman Catholicism - the feasts of at least 9 saints: St. Lupus
St. Saint Christina the Astonishing
St. Francis Solano
St. Kinga/Cunegundes
St. Lewine
St. Romanus, 2nd bishop of Rochester.
St. David
St. Wulfhad
St. Ruffin
     
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