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Daily Trivia - June 26

Births

1681 - Hedwig Sophia, duchess of Holstein-Gottorp, Swedish writer (d. 1708)
1689 - Edward Holyoke, American President of Harvard University (d. 1769)
1694 - Georg Brandt, Swedish chemist and minerologist (d. 1768)
1702 - Philip Doddridge, English religious leader (d. 1751)
1703 - Thomas Clap, first president of Yale University (d. 1767)
1819 - Abner Doubleday, Major General, United States Army and purported inventor of baseball (d. 1893)
1824 - Lord Kelvin, Irish-born physicist (d. 1907)
1854 - Robert Laird Borden, eighth Prime Minister of Canada (d. 1937)
1865 - Bernard Berenson, American art historian (d. 1959)
1866 - George Herbert, 5th Earl of Carnarvon, English financier of Egyptian excavations (d. 1923)
1869 - Martin Andersen Nexø, Danish writer (d. 1954)
1892 - Pearl S. Buck, American writer, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1973)
1898 - Willy Messerschmitt, German aircraft designer (d. 1978)
1899 - Grand Duchess Maria Nikolaevna of Russia (d. 1918)
1904 - Frank Scott Hogg, Canadian astronomer (d. 1951)
1904 - Peter Lorre, Hungarian-born actor (d. 1964)
1906 - Alberto Rabagliati, Italian singer and actor (d. 1974)
1909 - Colonel Tom Parker, Elvis Presley's manager (d. 1997)
1911 - Babe Didrikson Zaharias, American athlete and golfer (d. 1956)
1919 - Richard Neustadt, American political historian (d. 2003)
1922 - Eleanor Parker, American actress
1925 - Pavel Belyayev, cosmonaut (d. 1970)
1933 - Claudio Abbado, Italian conductor
1934 - Jeremy Wolfenden, British journalist (d. 1965)
1934 - Dave Grusin, American jazz pianist and composer
1936 - Robert Maclennan, British politician
1936 - Jean-Claude Cardinal Turcotte, Archbishop of Montreal
1937 - Sombat Metanee, Thai film actor
1937 - Robert Coleman Richardson, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
1941 - Yves Beauchemin, Canadian novelist
1942 - Gilberto Gil, singer, songwriter, and first Minister of Culture of Brazil
1943 - John Beasley, American actor
1943 - Georgie Fame, British singer
1945 - Dwight York, American cult leader and convicted child molester
1951 - Gary Gilmour, Australian cricketer
1954 - Steve Barton, American actor, singer, and dancer
1955 - Mick Jones, British guitarist (The Clash and Big Audio Dynamite)
1956 - Chris Isaak, American singer
1957 - Patty Smyth, American singer (Scandal)
1959 - Mark McKinney, Canadian actor
1961 - Greg Lemond, American cyclist
1961 - Terri Nunn, American singer (Berlin) and actress
1962 - Bussunda, Brazilian comedian (d. 2006)
1963 - Mikhail B. Khodorkovsky, Russian businessman
1968 - Rich Eisen, sports broadcaster
1968 - Paolo Maldini, Italian footballer
1968 - Shannon Sharpe, American football player and commentator
1969 - Colin Greenwood, British musician (Radiohead)
1970 - Chris O'Donnell, American actor
1970 - Sean Hayes, American actor
1970 - Irv Gotti, American record producer
1970 - Paul Thomas Anderson, American filmmaker
1972 - Garou, Canadian singer
1973 - Gretchen Wilson, American singer
1974 - Matt Striker, American professional wrestler
1974 - Derek Jeter, American baseball player
1974 - Jason Kendall, American baseball player
1976 - Ed Jovanovski, NHL hockey player
1976 - Chad Pennington, American football player
1976 - Joe Landon, American pornographic actor
1977 - Michael Thomas Dunn, American actor and filmmaker
1977 - Kubo Tite, Japanese cartoonist
1980 - Jason Schwartzman, American actor
1980 - Michael Vick, American football player
1980 - Chris Shelton, American baseball player
1985 - Urgyen Trinley Dorje, Tibetan spiritual leader
1990 - Ryan Ward, American actor
2005 - Princess Alexia of the Netherlands

Deaths

363 - Julian the Apostate, Roman Emperor (killed in battle) (b. 331)
1291 - Eleanor of Provence, wife of Henry III of England
1541 - Francisco Pizarro, Spanish conqueror of Peru (murdered)
1688 - Ralph Cudworth, English philosopher (b. 1617)
1784 - Caesar Rodney, American lawyer and signer of the Declaration of Independence (b. 1728)
1793 - Gilbert White, English ornithologist (b. 1720)
1810 - Joseph Michel Montgolfier, inventor of the hot air balloon (b. 1740)
1836 - Claude Joseph Rouget de Lisle, French composer (La Marseillaise) (b. 1760)
1918 - Peter Rosegger, Austrian poet and Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1843)
1922 - Albert I, Prince of Monaco (b. 1848)
1939 - Ford Maddox Ford, English writer (b. 1873)
1943 - Karl Landsteiner, Austrian biologist and physician, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1868)
1947 - Richard Bedford Bennett, eleventh Prime Minister of Canada (b. 1870)
1956 - Clifford Brown, American Jazz trumpeter (b. 1930)
1957 - Alfred Döblin, German writer (b. 1878)
1958 - George Orton, Canadian athlete (b. 1873)
1958 - Andrija Štampar, Croatian physician and United Nations diplomat (b. 1888)
1964 - Gerrit Rietveld, Dutch architect (b. 1888)
1967 - Françoise Dorléac, French actress (b. 1942)
1975 - St. Josemaría Escrivá, Spanish Catholic priest (b. 1902)
1984 - Michel Foucault, French literary theorist (b. 1926)
1993 - William H. Riker, American political scientist (b. 1920)
1993 - Roy Campanella, Major League baseball player (b. 1921)
1996 - Veronica Guerin, Irish journalist (b. 1958)
1997 - Israel Kamakawiwo'ole, Hawaiian singer (b. 1959)
2002 - Arnold Brown, the 11th General of The Salvation Army (b. 1913)
2002 - Jay Berwanger, American football player (b. 1914)
2003 - Marc-Vivien Foé, Cameroon footballer (b. 1975)
2003 - Strom Thurmond, U.S. Senator (b. 1902)
2003 - Dennis Thatcher MBE, husband of Margaret Thatcher (b. 1915)
2004 - Yash Johar, Indian film producer (b. 1929)
2005 - Richard Whiteley, British television game show host (b. 1943)

Events

363 - Roman Emperor Julian is killed during the retreat from the Sassanid Empire. General Jovian is proclaimed Emperor by the troops on the battlefield.
684 - Benedict II becomes Pope.
1284 - According to legend, the Pied Piper lures 130 children of Hamelin away.
1409 - Western Schism: The Catholic church is led into a double schism as Petros Philargos is crowned Pope Alexander V after the Council of Pisa, joining Pope Gregory XII in Rome and Pope Benedict XII in Avignon.
1483 - Richard III becomes king of England.
1723 - After a lasting siege and firing from the cannons Baku surrendered to Russians.
1807 - Lightning hits a warehouse in Luxembourg, killing 230 people.
1819 - The bicycle is patented.
1857 - The first investiture of the Victoria Cross in Hyde Park, London.
1870 - The Christian holiday of Christmas is declared a federal holiday in the United States.
1924 - American occupying forces leave the Dominican Republic.
1934 - President Franklin D. Roosevelt signs the Federal Credit Union Act, which establishes credit unions.
1934 - Initial flight of the Focke-Wulf Fw 61, the first practical helicopter.
1940 - World War II: Under the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact, the Soviet Union presents an ultimatum to Romania requiring it to cede Bessarabia and northern part of Bukovina.
1945 - The United Nations Charter is signed.
1948 - The Western allies start an airlift to Berlin after the Soviet Union has blockaded West Berlin.
1959 - The Saint Lawrence Seaway opens, opening North America's Great Lakes to ocean-going ships.
1960 - Former British Protectorate of Somaliland British Somaliland gains its independence
1963 - John F. Kennedy spoke the famous words "Ich bin ein Berliner" on a visit to West Berlin.
1973 - On Plesetsk Cosmodrome 9 persons are killed in an explosion of a Cosmos 3-M rocket.
1974 - The Universal Product Code is scanned for the first time to sell a package of Wrigley's chewing gum at the Marsh Supermarket in Troy, Ohio
1975 - Indira Gandhi establishes authoritarian rule in India.
1975 - FBI agents Ronald Williams and Jack Coler and American Indian Movement member Joseph Stuntz were killed in a shootout on the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation in Oglala, South Dakota.
1976 - The CN Tower, the tallest free-standing structure on land in the world, was opened.
1977 - Elvis Presley gives his last concert at Market Square Arena in Indianapolis, Indiana.
1977 - The Yorkshire Ripper kills 16 year old shop assistant Jayne MacDonald in Leeds, changing public perception of the killer as she was the first victim who was not a prostitute.
1978 - Air Canada Flight 189 to Winnipeg overran the runway and crashed into the Etobicoke Creek ravine. Two of 107 passengers onboard died.
1979 - Muhammad Ali retires from the world of boxing.
1993 - The U.S. launches a missile attack targeting Baghdad intelligence headquarters in retaliation for a thwarted assassination attempt against former President George H.W. Bush in April in Kuwait.
1996 - Irish Journalist Veronica Guerin is shot in her car while in traffic in the outskirts of Dublin
1997 - The U.S. Supreme Court rules that the Communications Decency Act violates the First Amendment.
2003 - The U.S. Supreme Court rules that gender-based sodomy laws are unconstitutional in Lawrence v. Texas.
2006 - The Republic of Montenegro becomes the 192nd member of the United Nations.

Holidays

The United Nations' Day in Support of Victims of Torture.
Flag Day in Romania
Sunthorn Phu Day in Thailand
Independence Day in Madagascar
Saint Josemaría Escrivá (d. 1975)
Saints John and Paul
     
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