Daily Trivia Collection

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Daily Trivia - May 28

Births

1140 - Xin Qiji, Chinese poet (d. 1207)
1371 - John the Fearless, Duke of Burgundy (d. 1419)
1524 - Selim II, Ottoman Sultan (d. 1574)
1582 - William Fiennes, 1st Viscount Saye and Sele, English statesman (d. 1662)
1588 - Pierre Seguier, Chancellor of France (d. 1672)
1641 - Janez Vajkard Valvasor, Slovenian polymath (d. 1693)
1660 - King George I of Great Britain (d. 1727)
1676 - Jacopo Riccati, Italian mathematician (d. 1754)
1738 - Joseph-Ignace Guillotin, French physician (d. 1814)
1759 - William Pitt the Younger, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1806)
1779 - Thomas Moore, Irish poet (d. 1852)
1807 - Louis Agassiz, Swiss-born zoologist and geologist (d. 1873)
1818 - Pierre Beauregard, American Confederate general (d. 1893)
1836 - Alexander Mitscherlich, German chemist (d. 1918)
1837 - George Ashlin, Irish architect (d.1921)
1837 - Tony Pastor, American vaudeville performer (d. 1908)
1853 - Carl Larsson, Swedish painter (d. 1919)
1858 - Carl Rickard Nyberg, Swedish inventor (d. 1939)
1872 - Marian Smoluchowski, Polish physicist (d. 1917)
1878 - Paul Pelliot, French sinologist (d. 1945)
1883 - Vinayak Damodar Savarkar, Indian freedom fighter (d. 1966)
1884 - Edvard Beneš, Czech politician (d. 1948)
1887 - Jim Thorpe, American athlete (d. 1953)
1892 - Sepp Dietrich, German SS officer (d. 1966)
1900 - Tommy Ladnier, American musician (d. 1939)
1908 - Ian Fleming, English author (d. 1964)
1909 - Red Horner, Canadian hockey star
1910 - T-Bone Walker, American singer (d. 1975)
1910 - Lady Rachel Kempson, English actress (d. 2003)
1911 - Thora Hird, British actress (d. 2003)
1911 - Fritz Hochwälder, Austrian author (d. 1986)
1912 - Patrick White, Australian writer, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1990)
1912 - Herman Johannes, Indonesian professor, scientist and politician (d. 1992)
1914 - W. G. G. Duncan Smith, British World War II pilot (d. 1996)
1915 - Joseph Greenberg, American linguist (d. 2001)
1916 - Walker Percy, American author (d. 1990)
1917 - Papa John Creech, American musician (d. 1994)
1918 - Johnny Wayne, Canadian comedian (Wayne and Shuster) (d. 1990)
1921 - Heinz G. Konsalik, German author (d. 1999)
1922 - Lou Duva, American boxing trainer
1923 - György Ligeti, Hungarian composer (d. 2006)
1923 - Nandamuri Taraka Rama Rao, Indian actor,director,producer and politician (d. 1998)
1925 - Bülent Ecevit, Prime Minister of Turkey
1925 - Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau, German baritone
1931 - Carroll Baker, American actress
1934 - Dionne quintuplets (Emilie d. 1954, Marie d. 1970, Yvonne d. 2001)
1936 - Betty Shabazz, American civil rights leader (d. 1997)
1938 - Jerry West, American basketball player
1942 - Stanley B. Prusiner, American scientist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
1943 - Terry Crisp, NHL Coach
1944 - Rudy Giuliani, Mayor of New York City
1944 - Gladys Knight, American singer
1944 - Patricia Quinn, Northern Irish actress
1944 - Billy Vera, American actor and musician
1945 - John Fogerty, American musician (Creedence Clearwater Revival)
1945 - Gary Stewart, American singer (d. 2003)
1945 - Hunter "Patch" Adams, American doctor
1946 - Satchidanandan, Indian-born poet
1947 - Sondra Locke, American actress
1947 - Zahi Hawass, Egyptologist
1949 - Wendy O. Williams, American musician (The Plasmatics) (d. 1998)
1952 - Russell J. Wintner, American Hollywood executive
1955 - John McGeoch, Scottish musician (Siouxsie and the Banshees) (d. 2004)
1955 - Mark Howe, Professional ice hockey player
1957 - Kirk Gibson, baseball player
1959 - John Morgan, etiquette expert
1962 - Brandon Cruz, American actor
1962 - Roland Gift, English musician (Fine Young Cannibals)
1963 - Houman Younessi, Iranian-born scientist
1964 - Jeff Fenech, Australian boxer
1964 - Christa Miller, American actress
1964 - David Baddiel, English comedian, novelist and television presenter
1964 - Phil Vassar, country music artist
1965 - Chris Ballew, American musician
1968 - Kylie Minogue, Australian actress and singer
1970 - Morgan Fox, Canadian model and 1990 Playboy playmate
1971 - Isabelle Carré, French actress
1972 - Michael Boogerd, Dutch cyclist
1972 - Guidoni Junior Doriva, Brazilian footballer
1976 - Liam O'Brien, Voice Actor
1976 - Alexei Nemov, Russian gymnast
1977 - Elisabeth Hasselbeck, American television panelist
1979 - Jesse Bradford, American actor
1980 - Mark Feehily, Irish musician (Westlife)
1982 - Jhonny Peralta, US MLB player with the Cleveland Indians
1986 - Charles N'Zogbia, French footballer
1991 - Kristen Alderson, American child actress

Deaths

1357 - King Afonso IV of Portugal (b. 1291)
1672 - John Trevor, English politician (b. 1626)
1747 - Luc de Clapiers, marquis de Vauvenargues, French writer (b. 1715)
1750 - Emperor Sakuramachi of Japan (b. 1720)
1787 - Leopold Mozart, Austrian composer (b. 1719)
1805 - Luigi Boccherini, Italian composer (b. 1743)
1808 - Richard Hurd, English bishop and writer (b. 1720)
1811 - Henry Dundas, British minister (b. 1742)
1843 - Noah Webster, American author, politician, and lexicographer (b. 1758)
1849 - Anne Brontë, English author (b. 1820)
1916 - Ivan Franko, Ukrainian writer (b. 1856)
1927 - Boris Kustodiev, Russian painter (b. 1878)
1937 - Alfred Adler, Austrian psychologist (b. 1870)
1940 - Friedrich Karl von Hessen (b. 1868)
1947 - August Eigruber, Austrian war criminal (b. 1907)
1948 - Unity Mitford, English fascist sympathizer (b. 1914)
1971 - Audie Murphy, American actor and war hero (b. 1924)
1971 - Jean Vilar, French actor (b. 1912)
1972 - King Edward VIII of the United Kingdom (b. 1894)
1975 - Ezzard Charles, Heavyweight champion (b. 1921)
1978 - Arthur Brough, English actor (b. 1905)
1980 - Rolf Nevanlinna, Finnish mathematician (b. 1895)
1981 - Stefan Cardinal Wyszyński, Archbishop of Warsaw (b. 1901)
1984 - Eric Morecambe, British comedian (Morecambe and Wise) (b. 1926)
1988 - Sy Oliver, Jazz trumpeter, composer and bandleader (b. 1910)
1993 - Billy Conn, American boxer and actor (b. 1917)
1994 - Julius Boros, American golfer (b. 1920)
1994 - Ely Jacques Kahn, Jr., American writer (b. 1916)
1998 - Phil Hartman, Canadian actor, comedian (b. 1948)
2001 - Francisco Varela, Chilean biologist and philosopher (b. 1946)
2002 - Jean Berger, German-born composer (b. 1909)
2003 - Oleg Makarov, cosmonaut (b. 1933)
2003 - Ilya Prigogine, Russian-born physicist and chemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry (b. 1917)
2003 - Martha Scott, American actress (b. 1912)
2004 - Umberto Agnelli, Swiss-born automobile executive (b. 1934)
2006 - Thorleif Schjelderup, Norwegian author and ski jumper (b. 1920)

Events

585 BC - A solar eclipse occurs, as predicted by Thales, while Alyattes is battling Cyaxares in the Battle of the Eclipse, leading to a truce. This is one of the cardinal dates from which other dates can be calculated.
1108 - The Forces of Castile reached Ulces Castle, and prepared for the Battle of Ulces.
1503 - James IV of Scotland and Margaret Tudor are married by Pope Alexander VI according to Papal Bull.
1503 - The Treaty of Everlasting Peace between Scotland and England is signed, which would actually last 10 years.
1588 - The Spanish Armada, with 130 ships and 30,000 men, begins to set sail from Lisbon heading for the English Channel. (It will take until May 30 for all ships to leave port).
1644 - Bolton Massacre by Royalist troops under the command of the Earl of Derby.
1754 - French and Indian War: In the first engagement of the war, Virginia militia under 22-year-old Lieutenant Colonel George Washington defeat a French reconnaissance party in the Battle of Jumonville Glen in what is now Fayette County in southwestern Pennsylvania.
1774 - American Revolutionary War: The first Continental Congress convenes.
1863 - American Civil War: The 54th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry, the first African American regiment, leaves Boston, Massachusetts, to fight for the Union.
1892 - In San Francisco, California, John Muir organizes the Sierra Club.
1905 - Russo-Japanese War: The Battle of Tsushima ends with the destruction of the Russian Baltic Fleet by Admiral Togo Heihachiro and the Imperial Japanese Navy.
1918 - The Azerbaijan Democratic Republic declares its statehood. It was the first democratic republic in the Muslim world.
1918- The Democratic Republic of Armenia declares its statehood.
1926 - Ditadura Nacional established in Portugal to suppress the unrest of the First Republic. (28th May 1926 coup d'état.)
1930 - The Chrysler Building in New York City officially opens.
1934 - Near Callander, Ontario, the Dionne quintuplets are born to Olivia and Elzire Dionne, later becoming the first quintuplets to survive infancy.
1934 - The Glyndebourne festival in England is inaugurated.
1936 - Alan Turing submits On Computable Numbers for publication.
1937 - The Golden Gate Bridge in San Francisco, California, is officially opened by President Franklin D. Roosevelt in Washington, DC, who pushes a button signaling the start of vehicle traffic over the span.
1937 - Neville Chamberlain becomes British Prime Minister.
1940 - World War II: Belgium surrenders to Germany.
1940 - World War II: Norwegian, French, Polish and British forces recapture Narvik. First allied infantry victory in WW2.
1942 - World War II: In retaliation for the assassination of Reinhard Heydrich, Nazis in Czechoslovakia kill over 1800 people.
1952 - Memphis Kiddie Park opens in Brooklyn, Ohio. The park's Little Dipper roller coaster would become the oldest operating steel roller coaster in North America.
1961 - Peter Benenson's article "The Forgotten Prisoners" is published in several internationally read newspapers. This will later be thought of as the founding of the human rights organization Amnesty International.
1964 - The Palestine Liberation Organization is formed.
1969 - Sound engineer Glyn Johns mixes the second of the Beatles Bootlegs.
1974 - Northern Ireland's power-sharing Sunningdale Agreement collapses following a general strike by loyalists.
1975 - Fifteen West African countries sign the Treaty of Lagos, thus creating the Economic Community of West African States.
1977 - In Southgate, Kentucky, the Beverly Hills Supper Club is engulfed in fire, killing 165 people inside.
1978 - Second round of the presidential elections in Upper Volta. Elections won by incumbent Sangoulé Lamizana.
1982 - Falklands War: British forces defeat the Argentines at the Battle of Goose Green.
1987 - 19-year-old West German pilot Mathias Rust evades Soviet Union air defenses and lands a private plane in Red Square in Moscow. He is immediately detained and is not released until August 3, 1988.
1987 - A robot probe finds the wreckage of the USS Monitor near Cape Hatteras, North Carolina.
1991 - The capital city of Addis Ababa, falls to the Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front, ending both the Derg regime in Ethiopia and the Ethiopian Civil War.
1995 - The Russian town of Neftegorsk is hit by a 7.6 magnitude earthquake that kills at least 2,000 people, 2/3 of total population.
1998 - Nuclear testing: Pakistan responds to a series of Indian nuclear tests with five of its own, prompting the United States, Japan, and other nations to impose economic sanctions.
1999 - In Milan, Italy, after 22 years of restoration work, Leonardo da Vinci's newly-restored masterpiece "The Last Supper" is put back on display.
2000 - The volcano Mount Cameroon erupts.
2003 - Peter Hollingworth becomes the first Governor-General of Australia to resign his office as a result of criticism of his conduct.
2006 - German-born Pope Benedict XVI visits Auschwitz to conclude his pilgrimage to Poland.

Holidays

Feast day of the following saints in the Roman Catholic Church: Germain of Paris
Augustine of Canterbury
William of Gellone
Bernard of Menthon
Lanfranc
Republic Day in Azerbaijan and Armenia (both 1918).
     
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