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Daily Trivia - October 25

Births

1102 - William Clito, Count of Flanders (d. 1128)
1330 - Louis II of Flanders (d. 1384)
1683 - Charles FitzRoy, 2nd Duke of Grafton, British politician (d. 1757)
1692 - Elizabeth Farnese, queen of Philip V of Spain (d. 1766)
1759 - Maria Fyodorovna of Russia, second wife of Tsar Paul I of Russia (d. 1828)
1767 - Benjamin Constant, Swiss writer (d. 1830)
1772 - Geraud Duroc, French general (d. 1813)
1806 - Max Stirner, German philosopher (d. 1856)
1811 - Évariste Galois, French mathematician (d. 1832)
1825 - Johann Strauss II, Austrian composer (d. 1899)
1838 - Georges Bizet, French composer (d. 1875)
1856 - Dragutin Gorjanovic-Kramberger, Croatian paleontologist (d. 1936)
1864 - Alexander Gretchaninov, Russian composer (d. 1956)
1867 - Józef Dowbór-Muśnicki, Polish general (d.1937)
1869 - John Heisman, American football coach (d. 1936)
1881 - Pablo Picasso, Spanish painter and sculptor (d. 1973)
1888 - Richard E. Byrd, American explorer (d. 1957)
1889 - Abel Gance, French film writer (d. 1981)
1892 - Leo G. Carroll, English actor (d. 1972)
1895 - Levi Eshkol, Prime Minister of Israel (d. 1969)
1902 - Eddie Lang, American jazz guitarist (d. 1933)
1903 - Katharine Byron, U.S. Congresswoman (d. 1976)
1908 - Edmond Pidoux, Swiss writer (d. 2004)
1910 - William Higinbotham, physicist (d. 1994)
1912 - Minnie Pearl, American comedienne and singer (d. 1996)
1913 - Klaus Barbie, Nazi war criminal (d. 1991)
1914 - John Berryman, American poet (d. 1972)
1915 - Ivan M. Niven, Canadian mathematician (d. 1999)
1921 - King Michael I of Romania
1924 - Billy Barty, American actor (d. 2000)
1926 - Galina Vishnevskaya, Russian soprano
1927 - Barbara Cook, American singer and actress
1928 - Marion Ross, American actress
1931 - Jimmy McIlroy, Northern Irish footballer and football manager
1932 - Harry Gregg, Northern Irish footballer and football manager
1935 - Russell Schweickart, astronaut
1940 - Bobby Knight, American basketball coach
1941 - Anne Tyler, American novelist
1942 - Helen Reddy, Australian singer
1944 - Jon Anderson, English singer (Yes)
1944 - James Carville, American political operative
1948 - Dan Gable, American wrestler and coach
1948 - Glenn Tipton, English guitarist
1948 - Dan Issel, American basketball player
1954 - Mike Eruzione, American hockey player
1955 - Robin Eubanks, American jazz trombonist
1959 - Nancy Cartwright, American voice actress
1961 - Grover Waldrop, American biochemist
1962 - Chad Smith, American drummer (Red Hot Chili Peppers)
1962 - Darlene Vogel, American actress
1964 - Nicole, German singer
1966 - Perry Satullo, American professional wrestler
1970 - Ed Robertson, Canadian guitarist and singer (Barenaked Ladies)
1970 - J.A. Adande, American sports columnist
1971 - Pedro Martínez, Dominican Major League Baseball player
1971 - Midori, Japanese violinist
1976 - Steve Jones, Northern Irish footballer
1976 - Joshua P. Warren, American author and paranormal investigator
1977 - Birgit Prinz, German footballer
1978 - Russell Anderson, Scottish footballer
1978 - Markus Pöyhönen, Finnish athlete
1979 - Tony Torcato, baseball player
1981 - Shaun Wright-Phillips, English footballer
1982 - Eman Lam, 林二汶, Hong Kong Chinese Singer
1984 - Sara Helena Lumholdt, Swedish musician (A-Teens)
1985 - Ciara Harris, American singer
1986 - Eddie Gaven, American footballer
1995 - Conchita Campbell, Canadian actress

Deaths

304 - Pope Marcellinus (martyred)
625 - Pope Boniface V
1047 - King Magnus I of Norway (b. 1024)
1154 - King Stephen of England (b. 1096)
1230 - Gilbert de Clare, 5th Earl of Hertford, English soldier (b. 1180)
1400 - Geoffrey Chaucer, English poet
1415 - Killed in the Battle of Agincourt: Charles d'Albret, Count of Dreux and Constable of France
John I of Alençon (b. 1385)
Antoine, Duke of Brabant (b. 1384)
Philip of Burgundy, Count of Nevers and Rethel (b. 1389)
Frederick of Lorraine (born 1371)
Philip II, Count of Nevers (b. 1389)
Michael de la Pole, 3rd Earl of Suffolk (born 1394)
Edward of Norwich, 2nd Duke of York (born 1373)
1492 - Thaddeus McCarthy, Irish Catholic bishop
1495 - King John II of Portugal (b. 1455)
1514 - William Elphinstone, Scottish bishop and statesman (b. 1431)
1555 - Olympia Fulvia Morata, Italian classical scholar (b. 1526)
1557 - William Cavendish, English politician (b. 1505)
1633 - Jean Titelouze, French organist
1647 - Evangelista Torricelli, Italian physicist and mathematician (b. 1608)
1683 - William Scroggs, Lord Chief Justice of England
1733 - Giovanni Gerolamo Saccheri, Italian mathematician (b. 1667)
1757 - Antoine Augustine Calmet, French theologian (b. 1672)
1760 - George II of Great Britain (b. 1683)
1833 - Abbas Mirza, prince of Persia (b. 1789)
1889 - Émile Augier, French dramatist (b. 1820)
1895 - Charles Hallé, German pianist and conductor (b. 1819)
1910 - Willie Anderson, Scottish-born golfer (b. 1878)
1920 - King Alexander I of Greece (bitten by a pet monkey) (b. 1893)
1921 - Bat Masterson, American journalist and lawman
1938 - Alfonsina Storni, Argentine poet (b. 1892)
1953 - Holger Pedersen, Danish linguist (b. 1867)
1957 - Albert Anastasia, Italian-born gangster (b. 1902)
1957 - Lord Dunsany, Irish writer (b. 1878)
1963 - Roger Désormière, French conductor (b. 1898)
1965 - Eduard Einstein, Second son of Albert Einstein who suffered from schizophrenia (b. 1910)
1973 - Cleo Moore, American film star (b. 1928)
1973 - Abebe Bikila, Ethiopian athlete (b. 1932)
1980 - Virgil Fox, American organist (b. 1912)
1985 - Gary Holton, English actor, famous for his role in Auf Wiedersehen Pet (b. 1952)
1986 - Forrest Tucker, America actor (b. 1919)
1991 - Bill Graham, German-born concert promoter (b. 1931)
1992 - Roger Miller, American musician and composer (b. 1936)
1993 - Danny Chan, Hong Kong singer, actor, and songwriter (b. 1958)
1993 - Vincent Price, American actor (b. 1911)
1994 - Kara Spears Hultgreen American naval aviator USS Abraham Lincoln (b. 1965)
1995 - Bobby Riggs, American tennis player (b. 1918)
1999 - Payne Stewart, American golfer (b. 1957)
2002 - Richard Harris, Irish actor (b. 1930)
2002 - Paul Wellstone, U.S. Senator from Minnesota (b. 1944)
2003 - Veikko Hakulinen, Finnish cross-country skier (b. 1925)
2004 - John Peel, British disc jockey (b. 1939)
2005 - Wellington Mara, American football team owner (b. 1916)

Events

1147 - The Portuguese, under Afonso I, and Crusaders from England and Flanders conquer Lisbon.
1415 - The army of Henry V of England defeats the French at the Battle of Agincourt.
1616 - Dutch sea-captain Dirk Hartog makes second recorded landfall by a European on Australian soil, at the later-named Dirk Hartog Island off the Western Australian coast.
1747 - British fleet under Admiral Sir Edward Hawke defeats French at the second battle of Cape Finisterre.
1760 - George III becomes King of Great Britain
1813 - War of 1812: Canadians and Mohawks defeat the Americans in the Battle of Chateauguay.
1828 - The St Katharine Docks opened in London.
1854 - The Battle of Balaklava during the Crimean War (Charge of the Light Brigade).
1861 - The Toronto Stock Exchange was created.
1900 - The United Kingdom annexes the Transvaal.
1917 - The Bolshevik Revolution commences (according to the Julian calendar, which Russia used at the time of the Revolution. On the Gregorian calendar, the date was November 7).
1922 - The Dail of the Irish Free State approves the constitution of the new state, formally bringing it into being.
1923 - The United States Senate begins investigating the Teapot Dome scandal
1924 - The forged Zinoviev Letter is published in the Daily Mail, wrecking the British Labour Party's hopes of re-election.
1935 - Hurricane floods Haiti, killing over 2,000 people.
1936 - Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini create the Rome-Berlin Axis.
1938 - The Archbishop of Dubuque, Francis J. L. Beckman, denounces Swing music as "a degenerated musical system... turned loose to gnaw away at the moral fiber of young people", warning that it leads down a "primrose path to hell".
1944 - Japan launches first kamikaze attacks, during the Battle of Leyte Gulf
1944 - Heinrich Himmler orders a crackdown on the Edelweiss Pirates, a loosely organized youth culture in Nazi Germany that had assisted army deserters and others to hide from the Third Reich
1944 - The USS Tang (SS-306) under Richard O'Kane (the top submarine captain of World War II) is sunk by her own torpedo.
1944 - The Romanian Army liberates Carei, the last Romanian city under Axis Powers' occupation.
1945 - The Republic of China takes over administration of Taiwan following Japan's surrender to the Allies.
1962 - Cuban missile crisis: Adlai Stevenson shows photos at the UN proving Soviet missiles are installed in Cuba
1971 - The United Nations seated the People's Republic of China and expelled the Republic of China (see political status of Taiwan and China and the United Nations)
1972 - The Washington Post reports that White House Chief of Staff H.R. Haldeman was the fifth person to control a secret cash fund designed to finance illegal political sabotage and espionage during the 1972 presidential election campaign (see also Watergate scandal)
1980 Proceedings on the Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction conclude at The Hague
1983 - Operation Urgent Fury: The United States and its Caribbean allies invade Grenada, six days after Prime Minister Maurice Bishop and several of his supporters were executed in a coup d'état.
1986 - The New York Mets defeat the Boston Red Sox due to Bill Buckner's famous error in Game 6 of the World Series and go on to win the championship two days later.
1991 - History of Slovenia: Three months after the end of the Ten-Day War, the last soldier of the Yugoslav People's Army leaves the territory of the Republic of Slovenia.
1992 - Latvia establishes its first post-Soviet constitution.
1993 - Jean Chrétien becomes prime minister of Canada with a massive majority for his Liberal Party in a general election in which the governing Progressive Conservatives, led by Kim Campbell, lost 149 of 151 seats in the parliament.
1995 - A commuter train slams into a school bus in Fox River Grove, Illinois, killing seven students.
1997 - After a brief civil war which has driven President Pascal Lissouba out of Brazzaville, Denis Sassou-Nguesso proclaims himself the President of the Republic of the Congo.
2003 - The Cedar Fire is reported at 5:37 pm. It becomes the largest wildfire in California history.
2003 - Australia defeat Namibia in the 2003 Rugby World Cup by a record 142 points to zero.
2004 - Fidel Castro, Cuba's President, announces that transactions using the American Dollar will be banned by November 8th.

Holidays

R.C. Saints - Feast day of Saints Crispin and Crispian; Six Welsh martyrs and companions; forty martyrs of England and Wales
Also see October 25 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
Kazakhstan - Republic Day
Republic of China - Taiwan Retrocession Day (1945)
Virgin Islands - Thanksgiving Day: end of the hurricane season
Day of the Romanian Army
     
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