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Daily Trivia - April 24

Births

1533 - William I of Orange (d. 1584)
1580 - Vincent de Paul, French saint (d. 1660)
1706 - Giovanni Battista Martini, Italian musician (d. 1780)
1718 - Nathaniel Hone, Irish-born painter (d. 1784)
1743 - Edmund Cartwright, British inventor (d. 1823)
1815 - Anthony Trollope, English novelist (d. 1882)
1845 - Carl Spitteler, Swiss writer, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1924)
1856 - Henri Philippe Pétain, French soldier and statesman (d. 1951)
1876 - Erich Raeder, German naval commander (d. 1960)
1878 - Jean Crotti, Swiss artist (d. 1958)
1882 - Hugh Dowding, Scottish fighter pilot (d. 1970)
1889 - Sir Stafford Cripps, British politician (d. 1952)
1889 - Lyubov Popova, Russian painter (d. 1924)
1896 - Benjamin Whorf, American linguist (d. 1941)
1897 - Manuel Ávila Camacho, President of Mexico (d. 1955)
1899 - Oscar Zariski, Russian-born mathematician (d. 1986)
1904 - Willem de Kooning, Dutch painter (d. 1997)
1905 - Robert Penn Warren, American poet (d. 1989)
1906 - William Joyce, Irish fascist (d. 1946)
1907 - William Sargant, British psychiatrist (d. 1988)
1908 - Marceline Day, American actress (d. 2000)
1914 - William Castle, American film director and producer (d. 1977)
1916 - Lou Thesz, American professional wrestler (d. 2002)
1922 - J.D. Cannon, American actor (d. 2005)
1924 - Sir Clement Freud, British writer, radio personality, and politician
1926 - Thorbjörn Fälldin, Prime Minister of Sweden
1930 - Jerome Callet, American musician
1930 - Richard Donner, American film director and producer
1933 - Claire Davenport, British actress (d. 2002)
1934 - Shirley MacLaine, American actress and author
1936 - Jill Ireland, British actress (d. 1990)
1937 - Joe Henderson American jazz saxophonist (d. 2001)
1940 - Sue Grafton, American author
1941 - John Williams, Australian guitarist
1942 - Richard M. Daley, American politician
1942 - Barbra Streisand, American singer, actress, and director
1945 - Doug Clifford, American drummer (Creedence Clearwater Revival)
1952 - Jean-Paul Gaultier, French fashion designer
1953 - Eric Bogosian, American actor and writer
1954 - Mumia Abu-Jamal, American journalist, political activist, and death-row inmate
1954 - Captain Sensible, British guitarist (The Damned)
1955 - John de Mol, Dutch media tycoon
1957 - David J, British musician
1957 - Boris Williams, British musician (The Cure)
1960 - Paula Yates, British television presenter (d. 2000)
1962 - Stuart Pearce, English footballer and manager
1962 - Steve Roach, Australian rugby player
1963 - Billy Gould, American musician (Faith No More)
1964 - Cedric the Entertainer, American comedian and actor
1964 - Djimon Hounsou, Benin-born actor
1968 - Stacy Haiduk, American actress
1968 - Hashim Thaci, Kosovan politician
1971 - Mauro Pawlowski, Belgian guitarist and singer (Evil Superstars and dEUS)
1972 - Chipper Jones, baseball player
1972 - Jure Košir, Slovenian skier
1972 - Rab Douglas, Scottish footballer
1973 - Sachin Tendulkar, Indian cricketer
1974 - Comedy Dave, British television host
1974 - Joseph Bruce, American rapper (Insane Clown Posse)
1975 - Sam Doumit, American actress
1976 - Steve Finnan, Irish footballer
1977 - Carlos Beltran, Puerto Rican Major League Baseball player
1977 - Siarhiej Bałachonaŭ, Belarusian writer
1978 - Eric Balfour, American actor
1980 - Austin Nichols, American actor
1982 - Kelly Clarkson, American singer
1982 - Shayna Nackoney, Canadian synchronized swimmer
1984 - Tyson Ritter, American singer and bassist (All-American Rejects)
1985 - Kaori Nazuka, Japanese voice actress

Deaths

624 - Mellitus, third Archbishop of Canterbury
709 - Wilfrid, English archbishop and saint
1338 - Marquis Theodore I of Montferrat (b. 1291)
1342 - Pope Benedict XII (b. 1285)
1656 - Thomas Fincke, Danish mathematician and physicist (b. 1561)
1731 - Daniel Defoe, English writer (b. 1660)
1736 - Prince Eugene of Savoy, French-born Austrian general (b. 1663)
1779 - Eleazar Wheelock, American founder of Dartmouth College (b. 1711)
1852 - Vasily Zhukovsky, Russian poet (b. 1783)
1891 - Helmuth von Moltke the Elder, Prussian field marshal (b. 1800)
1924 - G. Stanley Hall, American psychologist (b. 1844)
1938 - George Grey Barnard, American sculptor (b. 1863)
1942 - Karin Boye, Swedish author (b. 1900)
1942 - Lucy Maude Montgomery, Canadian author (b. 1874)
1944 - William Stephens, U.S. political figure (b. 1859)
1947 - Willa Cather, American writer (b. 1873)
1947 - Hans Biebow, German war criminal (b. 1902)
1960 - Max von Laue, German physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1879)
1964 - Gerhard Domagk, German bacteriologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (declined) (b. 1895)
1965 - Louise Dresser, American actress (b. 1878)
1967 - Vladimir Komarov, cosmonaut (b. 1927)
1974 - Bud Abbott, American actor and comedian (b. 1895)
1980 - Alejo Carpentier, Cuban writer (b. 1904)
1982 - Ville Ritola, Finnish athlete (b. 1896)
1986 - Wallis Simpson, American wife of Edward, Duke of Windsor (b. 1896)
1993 - Oliver Tambo, South African activist and politician (b. 1917)
1997 - Pat Paulsen, American comedian and politician (b. 1927)
1997 - Eugene Stoner, American engineer and weapons designer (b. 1922)
2001 - Al Hibbler, American singer (b. 1915)
2004 - Estée Lauder, American cosmetics entrepreneur (b. 1906)
2005 - Ezer Weizman, President of Israel (b. 1924)
2005 - Fei Xiaotong, Chinese sociologist (b. 1910)
2006 - Steve Stavro, Canadian businessman and sports team owner (b. 1927)
2006 - Moshe Teitelbaum, Hassidic rabbi (b. 1914)
2006 - Brian Labone, English footballer (b. 1940)

Events

1184 BC - Greeks enter Troy using the Trojan Horse (traditional).
1704 - The first regular newspaper in the United States, the Boston, Massachusetts New-Letter, is published.
1800 - The United States Library of Congress is established when President John Adams signs legislation to appropriate $5,000 to purchase "such books as may be necessary for the use of Congress".
1862 - American Civil War: A flotilla commanded by Union Admiral David Farragut passes two Confederate forts on the Mississippi River on its way to capture New Orleans, Louisiana.
1863 - The Keyesville Massacre: a massacre of 53 Native American men from the Tehachapi tribe in Keyesville, California.
1877 - Russo-Turkish War, 1877–1878: Russia declares war on Ottoman Empire.
1913 - The skyscraper Woolworth Building in New York City was opened.
1915 - The Armenian Genocide began when the Young Turks undertook the systematic annihilation of Armenian intellectuals and entrepreneurs within the city of Constantinople and later the entire Armenian population of the Ottoman Empire.
1916 - Easter Rising begins: The Irish Republican Brotherhood led by nationalists Patrick Pearse, James Connolly, and Joseph Plunkett start a rebellion in Ireland.
1941 - World War II: Operation Demon – The United Kingdom begins evacuating Greece.
1953 - Winston Churchill is knighted by Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom.
1955 - Bandung Conference ends: Twenty-nine non-aligned nations of Asia and Africa finish a meeting that condemned colonialism, racism, and the Cold War.
1961 - Bob Dylan earned a $50 session fee for playing harmonica on Harry Belafonte's "Midnight Special." It was his recording debut.
1961 - The 17th century Swedish ship Vasa is salvaged.
1963 - Marriage of Her Royal Highness Princess Alexandra of Kent to Angus Ogilvy at Westminster Abbey in London.
1964 - Mexico becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty.
1965 - Civil war breaks out in the Dominican Republic when civilians lead by some members of the armed forces, including Colonel Francisco Caamaño, overthrow the triumvirate that was in power since the coup d'état on Juan Bosch, who was legally elected president in 1963.
1967 - Cosmonaut Vladimir Komarov dies in Soyuz 1, when the parachute fails to open. He was the first human to die during a space mission.
1967 - Vietnam War: American General William Westmoreland says in a news conference that the enemy had "gained support in the United States that gives him hope that he can win politically that which he cannot win militarily."
1968 - Mauritius becomes a member state of the United Nations.
1970 - The first Chinese satellite, Dong Fang Hong I, is launched.
1970 - The Gambia becomes a republic within the Commonwealth of Nations, with Dawda Jawara as the first President.
1975 - The Baader-Meinhof Gang blow up the West German embassy in Stockholm.
1980 - Eight U.S. servicemen died in Operation Eagle Claw as they attempted to end the Iran hostage crisis.
1981 - The first IBM PC is introduced.
1990 - STS-31: The Hubble Space Telescope is launched by the Space Shuttle Discovery.
1990 - Gruinard Island, Scotland, is officially declared free of anthrax after 48 years of quarantine.
1991 - Freddie Stowers is awarded the posthumous Medal of Honor for which he had been recommended in 1918.
1993 - An IRA bomb devastates the Bishopsgate area of City of London.
1996 - In the United States, the Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act of 1996 is introduced.
2004 - US lifts economic sanctions imposed on Libya, 18 years previously as a reward for its cooperation in eliminating weapons of mass destruction.
2005 - Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger is inaugurated as the 265th Pope of the Roman Catholic Church taking the name Pope Benedict XVI.
2006 - King of Nepal, King Gyanendra gives into the demands of the protesters and restores the parliament that he dissolved in 2002.

Holidays

Genocide Remembrance Day in Armenia.
Republic Day in The Gambia (1970).
Newman's Day.
24-Hour Comics Day.
Saint Alexander (died 178)
Saint Deodatus
Saint Egbert of Northumbria
Saint Fidelis of Sigmaringen
Saint Honorius
Saint Maria-Euphrasia Pelletier (d.1868)
     
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