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Daily Trivia - June 28

Births

1243 - Emperor Go-Fukakusa of Japan (d. 1304)
1476 - Pope Paul IV (d. 1559)
1490 - Albert of Mainz, bishop and elector of Mainz (d. 1545)
1491 - King Henry VIII of England (d. 1547)
1503 - Giovanni della Casa, Italian poet (d. 1556)
1547 (baptism) - Cristofano Malvezzi, Italian composer (d. 1599)
1577 - Peter Paul Rubens, Belgian painter (d. 1640)
1712 - Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Swiss philosopher (d. 1778)
1719 - Étienne François, duc de Choiseul, French statesman (d. 1785)
1806 - Napoleon Coste, French guitarist and composer (d. 1883)
1824 - Paul Broca, French physician (d. 1880)
1831 - Joseph Joachim, Austrian violinist (d. 1907)
1867 - Luigi Pirandello, Italian writer, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1936)
1873 - Alexis Carrel, French surgeon and biologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1944)
1883 - Pierre Laval, Prime Minister of France (d. 1945)
1891 - Carl Panzram, American serial killer (d. 1930)
1902 - Richard Rodgers, American composer (d. 1979)
1906 - Maria Goeppert-Mayer, German physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1972)
1912 - Sergiu Celibidache, Romanian conductor (d. 1996)
1913 - Franz Antel, Austrian filmmaker
1914 - Aribert Heim, Austrian physician
1921 - P. V. Narasimha Rao, Prime Minister of India (d. 2004)
1926 - Mel Brooks, American filmmaker
1927 - Frank Sherwood Rowland, American chemist, Nobel Prize laureate
1930 - Itamar Franco, President of Brazil
1932 - Pat Morita, American actor (d. 2005)
1934 - Carl Levin, United States Senator
1935 - John Inman, British actor
1936 - Chuck Howley, American football player
1937 - George Knudson, Canadian professional golfer (d. 1989)
1938 - Moy Yat, Chinese martial artist (d. 2001)
1941 - Al Downing, Major League baseball player
1943 - Klaus von Klitzing, German physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
1945 - David Knights, bass guitarist (Procul Harum)
1946 - Gilda Radner, American actress (d. 1989)
1947 - Mark Helprin, American writer
1947 - Anny Duperey, French film and television actress
1948 - Kathy Bates, American actress
1952 - Pietro Mennea, Italian athlete
1952 - David Miner, Musician & Record producer
1954 - Alice Krige, South African actress
1955 - Thomas Hampson, American baritone
1960 - John Elway, American football player
1964 - Mark Grace, baseball player
1966 - John Cusack, American actor
1966 - Mary Stuart Masterson, American actress
1968 - Adam Woodyatt, British actor
1969 - Danielle Brisebois, American actress
1970 - Mushtaq Ahmed, Pakistani cricketer
1971 - Fabien Barthez, French footballer
1971 - Kenny Cunningham, Irish footballer
1971 - Norika Fujiwara, Japanese actress and television-personality
1972 - Jon Heidenreich, American professional wrestler
1972 - Rachel Dax - British actor
1973 - Adrian Annus, Hungarian athlete
1976 - Shinobu Asagoe, Japanese tennis player
1976 - Seth Wescott, American snowboarder
1979 - Randy McMichael, American football player

Deaths

767 - Pope Paul I
1175 - Andrei Bogolyubsky, Russian prince
1194 - Emperor Xiaozong of Song China (b. 1127)
1385 - Andronicus IV Palaeologus, Eastern Roman Emperor (b. 1348)
1389 - Prince Lazar Hrebeljanović of Serbia (b. 1329)
1586 - Primož Trubar, Slovenian protestant reformer (b. 1508)
1598 - Abraham Ortelius, Flemish-born cartographer (b. 1527)
1716 - George FitzRoy, 1st Duke of Northumberland, English general (b. 1665)
1813 - Gerhard von Scharnhorst, Prussian general (b. 1755)
1834 - Joseph Bové, Russian architect (b. 1784)
1836 - James Madison, President of the United States (b. 1751)
1881 - Jules Armand Dufaure, French statesman (b. 1798)
1889 - Maria Mitchell, American astronomer (b. 1818)
1913 - Manoel Ferraz de Campos Salles, President of Brazil (b. 1841)
1914 - Franz Ferdinand, Archduke of Austria (assassinated) (b. 1863)
1914 - Countess Sophie Chotek, wife of Franz Ferdinand, Archduke of Austria (assassinated) (b. 1868)
1915 - Victor Trumper, Australian cricketer (b. 1877)
1916 - Ştefan Luchian, Romanian painter (b. 1868)
1922 - Velimir Khlebnikov, Russian poet (b. 1885)
1929 - Edward Carpenter, English poet (b. 1844)
1960 - Jake Swirbul, American aircraft manufacturer (b. 1898)
1962 - Mickey Cochrane, baseball player (b. 1903)
1965 - Red Nichols, American musician (b. 1905)
1974 - Frank Sutton, American actor (b. 1923)
1975 - Rod Serling, American television scriptwriter (b. 1924)
1976 - Stanley Baker, British actor and producer (b. 1927)
1978 - Clifford Dupont, First President of Rhodesia (b. 1905)
1980 - José Iturbi, Spanish pianist and conductor (b. 1895)
1981 - Terry Fox, Canadian athlete and cancer activist (b. 1958)
1989 - Joris Ivens, Dutch filmmaker (b. 1898)
1992 - Mikhail Tal, Latvian chess player (b. 1936)
1993 - GG Allin, American punk rock singer (b. 1956)
1997 - Mrs. Miller, American singer (b. 1907)
2001 - Mortimer Adler, American philosopher (b. 1902)
2001 - Joan Sims, English actress (b. 1930)
2003 - Wim Slijkhuis, Dutch athlete (b. 1923)
2004 - Anthony Buckeridge, English author (b. 1912)
2005 - Brenda Howard, American LGBT activist (b. 1946)
2006 - George Unwin, British fighter ace WWII (b.1913)
2006 - Jim Baen, American science fiction publisher and editor (b. 1943)
2006 - Peter Rawlinson, Baron Rawlinson of Ewell, English barrister, politician and author. (b.1919)

Events

1098 - Fighters of the First Crusade defeat Kerbogha of Mosul.
1243 - Innocent IV becomes pope.
1389 - Ottoman forces crush the Serbian armies in Kosovo, opening the way for the Ottoman conquest of Southeastern Europe (see Vidovdan).
1519 - Charles V elected emperor of the Holy Roman Empire.
1635 - Guadeloupe becomes a French colony.
1651 - Battle of Beresteczko between Poles and Ukrainians, the biggest battle in the 17th century, starts.
1763 - Earthquake in Komarom, Hungary
1776 - Thomas Hinkey was hanged for mutiny, sedition, and treachery for plotting to kidnap George Washington. Hinkey was one of his bodyguards.
1778 - American Revolutionary War: Battle of Monmouth fought between the American Continental Army under George Washington and the British Army led by Sir Henry Clinton.
1838 - The coronation of Victoria of the United Kingdom.
1855 - The Sigma Chi Fraternity was founded at Miami University
1859 - First conformation dog show is held in Newcastle-on-Tyne, England.
1880 - Ned Kelly the Australian bushranger captured at Glenrowan.
1881 - Secret treaty between Austria and Serbia.
1886 - First scheduled Canadian transcontinental passenger train departs from Montreal, Quebec for Port Moody, British Columbia.
1887 - Minot, North Dakota incorporated as a city.
1894 - Labor Day becomes an official US holiday.
1895 - El Salvador, Honduras and Nicaragua form the Central American Union.
1914 - Franz Ferdinand, Archduke of Austria and his wife Sophia are assassinated in Sarajevo by young Serbian nationalist Gavrilo Princip , the casus belli of World War I.
1919 - The Treaty of Versailles is signed in Paris, formally ending World War I between Britain, France, Italy, the United States and allies on the one side and Germany and Austria Hungary on the other side.
1922 - The Irish Civil War begins with the shelling of the Four Courts in Dublin by Free State forces.
1936 - The Japanese puppet state of Mengjiang is formed in northern China.
1938 - A 450 metric ton meteorite struck the earth in an empty field near Chicora, Pennsylvania
1940 - Romania cedes Bessarabia (current-day Moldova) to the Soviet Union.
1948 - Cominform circulates the "Resolution on the situation in the Communist Party of Yugoslavia"
1950 - Seoul is captured by troops from North Korea.
1956 - Anti-communist demonstrations in Poznań. Also called Poznański czerwiec (June of Poznań).
1960 - US-owned oil refineries in Cuba confiscated and nationalised.
1964 - Malcom X forms the Organization of Afro-American Unity.
1967 - Israel annexes East Jerusalem.
1969 - Stonewall riots in New York city mark the beginning of the modern gay rights era.
1978 - The United States Supreme Court, in Regents of the University of California v. Bakke bars quota systems in college admissions.
1983 - The Mianus River Bridge collapses over the Mianus River in Connecticut, killing 3 drivers in their vehicles.
1988 - The worst confined-space industrial accident in U.S. history occurs at a metal-plating plant in Auburn, Indiana, killing five.
1989 - Slobodan Milošević's Kosovo Polje Speech
1990 - Paperback Software found guilty by a U.S. court of copyright violation for copying the appearance and menu system of Lotus 1-2-3 in its competing spreadsheet program.
1997 - Boxer Mike Tyson is disqualified from WBA title re-match, for biting off part of the ear of his opponent Evander Holyfield.
2001 - U.S. Appeals Court overturns a lower court's order to breakup Microsoft in an antitrust case.
2004 - 38th Canadian federal election
2004 - Sovereign power is handed to the interim government of Iraq by the Coalition Provisional Authority, ending the U.S.-led rule of that nation.
2004 - Estonia, Lithuania and Slovenia join the European Exchange Rate Mechanism
2005 - Canada becomes the third country in the world to legalize same-sex marriage.
2005 - A final design for Manhattan's Freedom Tower is formally unveiled.
2006 - The Republic of Montenegro was admitted as the 192nd Member of the United Nations by General Assembly resolution 60/264.

Holidays

Feast of St Irenaeus of Lyon
Vidovdan, Orthodox religious holiday commemorating St. Vitus
National Handshake Day
     
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