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Daily Trivia - September 2

Births

1243 - Gilbert de Clare, 7th Earl of Hertford, English politician (d. 1295)
1548 - Vincenzo Scamozzi, Italian architect (d. 1616)
1661 - Georg Böhm, German organist (d. 1733)
1675 - William Somervile, English poet (d. 1742)
1805 - Esteban Echeverría, Argentine writer (d. 1851)
1810 - William Seymour Tyler, American educator and historian
1830 - William P. Frye, American politician
1838 - Liliuokalani of Hawaii, Queen of Hawaii (d. 1917)
1850 - Albert Spalding, baseball player and sporting goods manufacturer (d. 1915)
1850 - Woldemar Voigt, German physicist (d. 1919)
1853 - Wilhelm Ostwald, German chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1932)
1854 - Hans Jæger, Norwegian writer and political activist (d. 1910)
1862 - Franjo Krežma, Croatian violinist (d. 1881)
1862 - Heinrich Knirr, German painter during the Nazi propaganda (d. 1944)
1877 - Frederick Soddy, British chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1956)
1878 - Werner von Blomberg, German field marshal (d. 1946)
1879 - An Jung-geun, assassin of the Japanese politician Ito Hirobumi (d. 1910)
1884 - Dr. Frank C. Laubach, Christian missionary (d. 1970)
1914 - Tom Glazer, American folk singer and songwriter (d. 2003)
1917 - Cleveland Amory, author (d. 1998)
1923 - Rene Thom, French mathematician (d. 2002)
1924 - Daniel arap Moi, President of Kenya
1929 - Hal Ashby, American film director (d. 1988)
1936 - Andrew Grove, American computer chip manufacturer
1938 - Clarence Felder, American actor
1941 - David Bale, South African-born activist (d. 2003)
1944 - Al Matthews, American actor (d. 2002)
1946 - Billy Preston, American musician (d. 2006)
1948 - Terry Bradshaw, American football player
1948 - Christa McAuliffe, American schoolteacher and astronaut (d. 1986)
1950 - Rosanna DeSoto, American actress
1950 - Yuen Wah, Chinese actor and stuntman
1951 - Mark Harmon, American actor
1952 - Jimmy Connors, American tennis player
1953 - John Zorn, American musician
1960 - Sue Foley, American writer
1960 - Kristin Halvorsen, Norwegian cabinet minister
1961 - Eric Dickerson, American football player
1961 - Carlos Valderrama, Colombian footballer
1962 - Prachya Pinkaew, Thai film director
1964 - Keanu Reeves, American actor
1965 - Lennox Lewis, Canadian-British boxer
1965 - Partho Sen-Gupta, Indian Independent Film-maker
1966 - Salma Hayek, Mexican actress
1968 - Cynthia Watros, American actress
1969 - Cedric "K-Ci" Hailey, American singer
1971 - Tommy Maddox, American football player
1973 - Pawan Kalyan, Popular Indian film actor
1976 - Phil Lipscomb, American bassist (Taproot)
1981 - Chris Tremlett, Hampshire Cricketer
1981 - Bracha van Doesburgh, Dutch actress
1982 - Joey Barton, English footballer

Deaths

421 - Constantius III, Roman Emperor
1031 - Saint Emeric of Hungary
1274 - Prince Munetaka, Japanese shogun (b. 1242)
1397 - Francesco Landini, Italian composer
1540 - Lebna Dengel, Emperor of Ethiopia (b. 1501)
1680 - Per Brahe (the younger), Swedish soldier and statesman (b. 1602)
1688 - Robert Viner, Lord Mayor of London (b. 1631)
1690 - Philipp Wilhelm, Elector Palatine (b. 1615)
1764 - Nathaniel Bliss, English Astronomer Royal (b. 1700)
1765 - Henry Bouquet, Swiss-born British army officer (b. 1719)
1768 - Antoine Deparcieux, French mathematician (b. 1703)
1790 - Johann Nikolaus von Hontheim, German historian and theologian (b. 1701)
1813 - Jean Victor Marie Moreau, French general (mortally wounded in battle) (b. 1763)
1820 - Jiaqing, Emperor of China (b. 1760)
1832 - Franz Xaver, Baron Von Zach, Austrian astronomer (b. 1854)
1834 - Thomas Telford, Scottish civil engineer (b. 1757)
1865 - William Rowan Hamilton, Irish mathematician (b. 1805)
1872 - Nicolai Grundtvig, Danish writer and philosopher (b. 1783)
1898 - Wilford Woodruff, president of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (b. 1807)
1910 - Henri Rousseau, French painter (b. 1844)
1921 - Henry Austin Dobson, English poet (b. 1840)
1921 - Anthony Francis Lucas Croatian-born oil exploration pioneer (b.1855)
1934 - Alcide Nunez, American musician (b. 1884)
1937 - Pierre de Coubertin, French founder of the modern Olympic Games (b. 1863)
1948 - Sylvanus Morley, U.S. archaeologist and spy (b. 1883)
1953 - Jonathan Mayhew Wainwright IV, U.S. general (b. 1883)
1964 - Alvin York, most decorated American soldier of World War I (b. 1887)
1964 - Glenn Albert Black, American archaeologist (b. 1900)
1965 - Johannes Bobrowski, German lyricist, narrative writer, adaptor and essayist (b. 1917)
1969 - Ho Chi Minh, Vietnamese president and prime minister (b. 1890)
1973 - Carl Dudley, American movie director (b. 1910)
1973 - J. R. R. Tolkien, British writer (b. 1892)
1976 - Stanisław Grochowiak, Polish poet and dramatist (b. 1934)
1985 - Abe Lenstra, Dutch footballer (b. 1920)
1991 - Alfonso García Robles, Mexican diplomat and politician, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1911)
1992 - Barbara McClintock, American geneticist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1902)
1997 - Rudolph Bing, Austrian-born opera manager (b. 1902)
1997 - Viktor Frankl, Austrian neurologist and psychiatrist (b. 1905)
1998 - Jackie Blanchflower, Northern Irish footballer (b. 1933)
1998 - Allen Drury, American author (b. 1918)
2000 - Elvera Sanchez, Puerto Rican dancer (d. 1905)
2000 - Curt Siodmak, German-born author (b. 1907)
2001 - Christiaan Barnard, South African heart surgeon (b. 1922)
2001 - Troy Donahue, American actor (b. 1936)
2002 - Dick Reynolds, Australian footballer and coach (b. 1915)
2004 - Joan Oró, Catalan scientist (b. 1923)
2005 - Bob Denver, American actor (b. 1935)

Events

44 BC - Pharaoh Cleopatra VII of Egypt declares her son co-ruler as Ptolemy XV Caesarion.
44 BC - The first of Cicero’s Philippics (oratorical attacks) on Mark Antony. He will make 14 of them over the next several months.
31 BC - Roman Civil War: Battle of Actium - Off the western coast of Greece, forces of Octavian defeat troops under Mark Antony and Cleopatra.
1649 - The Italian city of Castro is completely destroyed by the forces of Pope Innocent X, ending the Wars of Castro.
1666 - The Great Fire of London breaks out and burns for three days, destroying 10,000 buildings including St. Paul's Cathedral.
1752 - The United Kingdom adopts the Gregorian Calendar, nearly two centuries later than most of Western Europe.
1789 - The United States Department of the Treasury is founded.
1792 - During what became known as the September Massacres of the French Revolution, rampaging mobs slaughter three Roman Catholic Church bishops and more than two hundred priests.
1807 - British Navy bombards Copenhagen with fire bombs and phosphorus rockets to prevent Denmark from surrendering its fleet to Napoleon.
1833 - Oberlin College is founded by John Shipherd and Philo P. Stewart.
1862 - American Civil War: President Abraham Lincoln reluctantly restores Union General George McClellan to full command after General John Pope's disastrous defeat at the Battle of Second Bull Run.
1864 - American Civil War: Union forces enter Atlanta, Georgia a day after the Confederate defenders flee the city.
1867 - Mutsuhito, the Meiji Emperor of Japan marries Ichijo Masako. The Empress consort is thereafter known as Lady Haruko.
1870 - Franco-Prussian War: Battle of Sedan - Prussian forces take French Emperor Napoleon III and 100,000 of his soldiers prisoner.
1885 - In Rock Springs, Wyoming, 150 white miners attack their Chinese fellow workers, killing 28, wounding 15, and forcing several hundred more out of town.
1898 - Battle of Omdurman - British and Egyptian troops defeat Sudanese tribesmen and establishing British dominance in the Sudan.
1901 - Vice President of the United States Theodore Roosevelt utters the famous phrase, "Speak softly and carry a big stick" at the Minnesota State Fair.
1925 - The U.S. Zeppelin the USS Shenandoah crashes, killing 14.
1935 - Labor Day Hurricane of 1935: A large hurricane hits the Florida Keys killing 423.
1939 - Following the invasion of Poland, Freie Stadt Danzig Danzig (now Gdańsk, Poland) is annexed to Nazi Germany.
1944 - Holocaust: Diarist Anne Frank and her family are placed on the last transport train from Westerbork to Auschwitz, arriving three days later.
1945 - World War II ends: The final official surrender of Japan is accepted aboard the battleship USS Missouri in Tokyo Bay.
1945 - Vietnam declares its independence, forming the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (North Vietnam).
1946 - Ayn Rand began writing Atlas Shrugged.
1958 - U.S. Air Force C-130A-II is shot down by fighters over Yerevan, Armenia when it strays into Soviet airspace while conducting a sigint mission. All crew lost.
1963 - CBS Evening News becomes U.S. network television's first half-hour weeknight news broadcast, when the show is lengthened from 15 to 30 minutes.
1967 - The microstate Principality of Sealand unilaterally declares its independence.
1969 - The first automatic teller machine in the United States is installed in Rockville Center, New York.
1970 - NASA announces the cancellation of two Apollo missions to the Moon, Apollo 15 (the designation was re-used by a later mission), and Apollo 19.
1987 - In Moscow, the trial begins of 19-year-old pilot Mathias Rust, who flew his Cessna aircraft into Red Square in May 1987.
1990 - Transnistria unilaterally proclaimed as Soviet republic; the Soviet president Mikhail Gorbachev declares the decision null and void.
1991 - The United States recognizes the independence of the Baltic states: Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania.
1995 - The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame opens in Cleveland, Ohio.
1995 - Frank Bruno wins the WBC World Heavyweight Title from Oliver McCall at Wembley Stadium.
1996 - A peace agreement is signed between the Government of the Republic of the Philippines and the Moro National Liberation Front in Malacañang Palace.
1998 - In Canada, pilots for Air Canada launch the first strike in company's history.
1998 - Swissair Flight 111 crashes near Peggys Cove, Nova Scotia. All 229 people on board are killed.
1998 - The UN's International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda finds Jean-Paul Akayesu, the former mayor of a small town in Rwanda, guilty of nine counts of genocide.
2002 - WWE crowns its first World Heavyweight Champion when Eric Bischoff awarded the belt to Triple H, who was the original Number One Contender for the WWE Championship but his opponent Brock Lesnar refused to defend the belt of the Raw brand.
2003 - A ride accident at Disneyland Park in Anaheim, California claimed the life of one man that was riding the Big Thunder Mountain Railroad. The coupler between the engine and the first car was rumored to have snapped and struck the man in the chest.

Holidays

Also see September 2 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
RC Saints - Saint Sophia
Mauritius - Ganesh Chaturthi
Transnistria - Independence day, note Transnistria is not an internationally recognized independent state
Sedan Day (Sedantag) - traditional national German holiday (see Sedan, France) that commemorates Prussia's victory over France in 1870, making the German Empire a reality.
Vietnam - National Day (independence from France, 1945)
     
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