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Daily Trivia - December 19

Births

1554 - Philip William, Prince of Orange (d. 1618)
1683 - King Philip V of Spain (d. 1746)
1699 - William Bowyer, English printer (d. 1777)
1714 - John Winthrop, American astronomer (d. 1779)
1778 - Marie Thérèse Charlotte, eldest child of Marie Antoinette and Louis XVI of France (d. 1851)
1813 - Thomas Andrews, Irish chemist (d. 1885)
1852 - Albert Abraham Michelson, Prussian-born American physicist and Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1931)
1865 - Minnie Maddern Fiske, American actress (d. 1932)
1885 - Joe "King" Oliver, American jazz musician (d. 1938)
1888 - Fritz Reiner, Austro-Hungarian-born American conductor (d. 1963)
1894 - Ford Frick, American baseball commissioner (d. 1978)
1901 - Rudolf Hell, German inventor (d. 2002)
1902 - Sir Ralph Richardson, British actor (d. 1983)
1903 - George Davis Snell, American geneticist and Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1996)
1906 - Leonid Brezhnev, Russian-born leader of the Soviet Union (d. 1982)
1907 - Jimmy McLarnin, Northern Irish-born boxer and World Welterweight Champion (d. 2004)
1910 - Jean Genet, French writer (d. 1986)
1915 - Édith Piaf, French singer and actress (d. 1963)
1918 - Professor Longhair (Henry Roeland Byrd), American blues musician (d. 1980)
1920 - David Susskind, American TV talk show host (d. 1987)
1923 - Gordon Jackson, British actor (d. 1990)
1925 - Robert B. Sherman, American songwriter
1925 - Tankred Dorst, German dramatist
1927 - James Booth (David Geeves), British actor and screenwriter (d. 2005)
1929 - Bob Brookmeyer, American jazz musician
1933 - Cicely Tyson, American actress
1934 - Al Kaline, baseball player
1934 - Rudi Carrell, Dutch singer
1935 - Bobby Timmons, American jazz pianist (d. 1974)
1940 - Phil Ochs, American folk singer and songwriter (d. 1976)
1941 - Maurice White, American singer and songwriter (Earth, Wind & Fire)
1944 - Richard Leakey, British anthropologist
1944 - Mitchell Feigenbaum, American mathematical physicist
1944 - Alvin Lee (Graham Barnes), British singer and guitarist (Ten Years After)
1944 - Zal Yanovsky, Canadian guitarist and singer (The Lovin' Spoonful)
1946 - Stan Smith, American tennis player
1946 - Robert Urich, American actor (d. 2002)
1949 - Sebastian, Danish musician
1957 - Kevin McHale, American profesional basketball player
1957 - John Gulager, American film director
1958 - Limahl (Christopher Hamill), British singer (Kajagoogoo)
1960 - Mike Lookinland, American actor
1961 - Eric Allin Cornell, American physicist and Nobel Prize laureate
1961 - Matthew Waterhouse, British actor
1961 - Reggie White, American football player (d. 2004)
1964 - Arvydas Sabonis, Soviet-born Lithuanian basketball player and Olympic gold medalist
1965 - Chito Martinez, Belizean baseball player
1966 - Eric Weinrich, American ice hockey player
1969 - Kristy Swanson, American actress
1969 - Richard Hammond, Top Gear and Brainiac: Science Abuse Presenter
1970 - Tyson Beckford, American male supermodel
1971 - Tiffany Towers, Canadian adult film actress
1972 - Alyssa Milano, American actress
1972 - Warren Sapp, American football player
1974 - Jake Plummer, American football player
1974 - Ricky Ponting, Australian test cricketer
1975 - Olivier Tebily, Ivorian international footballer
1980 - Jake Gyllenhaal, American actor
1980 - Marla Sokoloff, American actress
1983 - Kahlen Rondot, American model
1988 - Paulina Gretzky, American actress; daughter of Wayne Gretzky

Deaths

401 - Pope Anastasius I
1075 - Edith of Wessex, wife of Edward the Confessor of England
1327 - Agnes of France, Duchess of Burgundy
1370 - Pope Urban V (b. 1310)
1737 - James Sobieski, Crown Prince of Poland (b. 1667)
1741 - Vitus Bering, Danish-born explorer (b. 1681)
1745 - Jean-Baptiste van Loo, French painter (b. 1684)
1749 - Francesco Antonio Bonporti, Italian priest and composer (b. 1672)
1751 - Louise of Great Britain, wife of Frederick V of Denmark (b. 1724)
1807 - Friedrich Melchior, baron von Grimm, German writer (b. 1723)
1819 - Sir Thomas Fremantle, British naval officer and politician (b. 1765)
1848 - Emily Brontë, British author (b. 1818)
1915 - Alois Alzheimer, German neuroscientist (b. 1864)
1932 - Yoon Bong-Gil, Protester against Japanese occupation of Korea (executed) (b. 1908)
1939 - Hans Langsdorff, German naval officer (b. 1894)
1944 - Khedive Abbas II of Egypt, (b. 1874)
1944 - Rudolph Karstadt, German entrepreneur (b. 1856)
1946 - Paul Langevin, French physicist (b. 1872)
1953 - Robert Millikan, American physicist and Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1868)
1967 - Harold Holt, seventeenth Prime Minister of Australia (b. 1908)
1968 - Norman Thomas, American socialist (b. 1884)
1989 - Stella Gibbons, British author (b. 1902)
1996 - Marcello Mastroianni, Italian actor (b. 1924)
1999 - Desmond Llewelyn, British actor (b. 1914)
2003 - Peter Carter-Ruck, British lawyer (b. 1914)
2003 - Hope Lange, American actress (b. 1931)
2004 - Herbert C. Brown, British-born American chemist and Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1912)
2004 - Renata Tebaldi, Italian soprano (b. 1922)
2005 - Vincent Gigante, American mafioso (b. 1927)

Events

324 - Licinius abdicates his position as Roman Emperor.
1187 - Pope Clement III is elected.
1777 - American Revolutionary War: George Washington's Continental Army goes into winter quarters at Valley Forge, Pennsylvania.
1828 - Nullification Crisis: Vice President of the United States John C. Calhoun pens the South Carolina Exposition and Protest, protesting the Tariff of 1828.
1835 - The first issue of The Blade newspaper is published in Toledo, Ohio.
1910 - Edward Douglass White is sworn in as the 9th Chief Justice of the United States.
1912 - William H. Van Schaick, captain of the steamship General Slocum which caught fire and killed over 1,000 people, is pardoned by President Taft after 3-and-a-half-years in Sing Sing prison .
1916 - World War I: Battle of Verdun - On the Western Front, the French Army successfully holds off the German Army and drives it back to its starting position.
1941 - Hitler becomes Supreme Commander-in-Chief of the German Army
1961 - India annexes Daman and Diu, part of Portuguese India.
1963 - Zanzibar receives its independence from the United Kingdom, to become a constitutional monarchy under Sultan Hamoud bin Mohammed.
1965 - Prison guard George Hodson is killed during Ronald Ryan and Peter Walker's escape from HM Prison Pentridge in Coburg, Victoria.
1967 - Prime Minister of Australia Harold Holt is officially presumed dead.
1972 - Project Apollo: The last manned lunar flight, Apollo 17, crewed by Eugene Cernan, Ron Evans and Harrison Schmitt, returns to Earth.
1974 - The Altair 8800 microcomputer kit goes on sale.
1974 - Nelson A. Rockefeller is sworn is as the 41st Vice President of the United States under President Gerald Ford.
1984 - The Sino-British Joint Declaration, stating that China would resume the exercise of sovereignty over Hong Kong and the United Kingdom would restore Hong Kong to China with effect from July 1, 1997, is signed in Beijing by Deng Xiaoping and Margaret Thatcher.
1988 - Lawn darts are banned from sale in the United States by the Consumer Product Safety Commission.
1997 - Silkair Flight 185 crashes into the Musi River, near Palembang in Indonesia, killing 104.
1997 - The film Titanic is released.
1998 - Lewinsky scandal: The United States House of Representatives forwards articles I and III of impeachment against President Bill Clinton to the Senate.
1999 - Portugal transferred sovereignty of Macau to the People's Republic of China.
2000 - The Leninist Guerrilla Units wing of the Communist Labour Party of Turkey/Leninist attack a Nationalist Movement Party office in Istanbul, killing one person and injuring three.
2001 - A record high barometric pressure of 1085.6 hPa (32.06 inHg) is recorded at Tosontsengel, Hövsgöl in Mongolia.
2001 - Argentine economic crisis: December 2001 riots - Riots erupt in Buenos Aires after Domingo Cavallo's corralito measures restrict the withdrawal of cash from bank deposits. The film The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring is released.

Holidays

Roman festivals - Opalia
Also see December 19 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
2003 - the events of the fictional docu-drama The Day Britain Stopped take place.
     
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