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Daily Trivia - March 29

Births

1584 - Ferdinando Fairfax, 2nd Lord Fairfax of Cameron, English general (d. 1648)
1602 - John Lightfoot, English churchman (d. 1675)
1713 - John Ponsonby, Irish politician (d. 1789)
1769 - Nicolas Jean de Dieu Soult, French marshal (d. 1851)
1790 - John Tyler, 10th President of the United States (d. 1862)
1824 - Ludwig Büchner, German philosopher and physician (d. 1899)
1826 - Wilhelm Liebknecht, German journalist and politician (d. 1900)
1867 - Cy Young, baseball player (d. 1955)
1873 - Tullio Levi-Civita, Italian mathematician (d. 1941)
1874 - Lou Hoover, First Lady of the United States (d. 1944)
1889 - Warner Baxter, American actor (d. 1951)
1891 - Yvan Goll, French-German writer (d. 1950)
1892 - József Cardinal Mindszenty, Hungarian Catholic cardinal (d. 1975)
1895 - Ernst Jünger, German author (d. 1998)
1897 - Ruby Muhammad, American wife of Elijah Muhammad
1899 - Lavrenty Beria, Soviet Communist leader (d. 1953)
1900 - John McEwen, eighteenth Prime Minister of Australia (d. 1980)
1901 - Andrija Maurovic, Croatian illustrator (d. 1981)
1902 - Marcel Aymé, French writer (d. 1967)
1902 - William Walton, English composer (d. 1983)
1905 - Philip Ahn, American actor (d. 1978)
1908 - Arthur O'Connell, American actor (d. 1981)
1908 - Dennis O'Keefe, American actor (d. 1968)
1909 - E. Power Biggs American concert organist
1911 - Brigitte Horney, German actress (d. 1988)
1912 - Hanna Reitsch, German pilot (d. 1979)
1913 - Tony Zale, American boxer (d. 1997)
1913 - R. S. Thomas, Welsh poet (d. 2000)
1916 - Eugene McCarthy, American politician (d. 2005)
1918 - Pearl Bailey, American singer and actress (d. 1990)
1918 - Sam Walton, American businessman (d. 1992)
1919 - Eileen Heckart, American actress (d. 2001)
1927 - John McLaughlin, American political commentator
1927 - John Robert Vane, English pharmacologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 2004)
1929 - Lennart Meri, President of Estonia (d. 2006)
1931 - Aleksei Gubarev, cosmonaut
1936 - Judith Guest, American author
1936 - Mogens Camre, Danish politician
1937 - Billy Carter, Presidential brother (d. 1988)
1940 - Ray Davis, American musician (P-Funk)
1940 - Astrud Gilberto, Brazilian singer
1941 - Joseph Hooton Taylor, Jr., American astrophysicist, Nobel Prize in Physics laureate
1943 - Eric Idle, English actor, writer, and composer
1943 - John Major, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
1943 - Vangelis, Greek musician
1944 - Terry Jacks, Canadian musician, songwriter, and activist
1944 - Denny McLain, baseball player
1945 - Walt Frazier, American basketball player
1947 - Bobby Kimball, American singer (Toto)
1948 - Bud Cort, American actor
1949 - Michael Brecker, American jazz saxophonist
1952 - Teofilo Stevenson, Cuban boxer
1954 - Karen Ann Quinlan, American right-to-die cause célèbre (d. 1985)
1955 - Earl Campbell, American football star
1955 - Christopher Lawford, American actor
1956 - Patty Donahue, lead singer of The Waitresses (d. 1996)
1957 - Christopher Lambert, French actor
1959 - Barry Blanchard, Canadian mountaineer
1959 - Perry Farrell, American musician (Jane's Addiction and Porno for Pyros)
1960 - Marina Sirtis, English actress
1963 - Elle Macpherson, Australian model
1967 - Brian Jordan, baseball player
1967 - John Popper, American musician (Blues Traveler)
1968 - Lucy Lawless, New Zealand actress and singer
1971 - Aaron Lawrence, American pornographic actor
1972 - Rui Costa, Portugal football player
1973 - Marc Overmars, former Dutch football player
1976 - Jennifer Capriati, American tennis player
1981 - Jlloyd Samuel, West Indian-born footballer
1983 - Justin Tuck, American football player
1984 - Valentine Rei, Russian television personality

Deaths

1058 - Pope Stephen IX
1368 - Emperor Go-Murakami, Emperor of Japan (b. 1328)
1461 - Henry Percy, 3rd Earl of Northumberland, English politician (b. 1421)
1578 - Arthur Champernowne, English admiral (b. 1524)
1578 - Louis I, Cardinal of Guise, French cardinal (b. 1527)
1625 - Antonio de Herrera y Tordesillas, Spanish historian (b. 1549)
1628 - Tobias Matthew, Archbishop of York (b. 1546)
1772 - Emanuel Swedenborg, Swedish philosopher and mathematician (b. 1688)
1751 - Thomas Coram, English sea captain and philanthropist
1792 - King Gustav III of Sweden, (shot) (b. 1746)
1800 - Marc René, marquis de Montalembert, French military engineer and writer (b. 1714)
1826 - Johann Heinrich Voß, German poet (b. 1751)
1855 - Henri Druey, Swiss Federal Councilor (b. 1799)
1873 - Francesco Zantedeschi, Italian physicist (b. 1797)
1888 - Charles-Valentin Alkan, French composer (b. 1813)
1906 - Slava Raskaj, Croatian painter (b. 1878)
1912 - Members of the Scott Expedition to the South Pole: Henry Robinson Bowers (b. 1883)
Edgar Evans, Welsh naval officer (b. 1876)
Lawrence Oates, English army officer (b. 1880)
Sir Robert Falcon Scott, English explorer (b. 1868)
Edward Adrian Wilson, English physician and naturalist (b. 1872)
1934 - Otto Hermann Kahn, German millionaire and benefactor (b. 1867)
1937 - Karol Szymanowski, Polish composer (b. 1882)
1957 - Joyce Cary, Irish author (b. 1888)
1959 - Barthelemy Boganda, first President of the Central African Republic (b. 1910)
1970 - Anna Louise Strong, American communist journalist
1972 - Lord J. Arthur Rank, movie theater owner (b. 1888)
1980 - Mantovani, Italian-born conductor and arranger (b. 1905)
1982 - Carl Orff, German composer (b. 1895)
1991 - Lee Atwater, American politicial consultant (b. 1951)
1992 - Paul Henreid, Austrian actor (b. 1908)
1994 - Eugène Ionesco, Romanian-born playwright (b. 1912)
1994 - Bill Travers, British actor (b. 1922)
1999 - Joe Williams, American singer (b. 1918)
2001 - Helge Ingstad, Norwegian explorer (b. 1899)
2001 - John Lewis, American jazz pianist (b. 1920)
2003 - Carlo Urbani, Italian physician (SARS) (b. 1956)
2005 - Johnnie Cochran, American lawyer (b. 1937)
2005 - Grant Johannesen, American pianist (b. 1921)
2005 - Mitch Hedberg, American comedian (b. 1968)

Events

537 - Vigilius is consecrated and enthroned as Pope, replacing Silverius.
1461 - Wars of the Roses: Battle of Towton - Edward of York defeats Queen Margaret to become King Edward IV of England.
1638 - Swedish colonists establish the first settlement in Delaware, called New Sweden.
1792 - King Gustav III of Sweden dies after being shot in the back at a midnight masquerade at Stockholm's Royal Opera just 13 days earlier. He is succeeded by Gustav IV Adolf.
1799 - New York passes a law aimed at gradually abolishing slavery in the state.
1806 - Construction authorized of the Great National Pike, better known as the Cumberland Road, becoming the first United States federal highway.
1809 - King Gustav IV Adolf of Sweden abdicates after a coup d'état. At the Diet of Porvoo, Finland's four Estates pledge allegiance to Alexander I of Russia, commencing the secession of the Grand Duchy of Finland from Sweden.
1831 - Great Bosnian uprising: Bosniak rebel against Turkey.
1847 - Mexican-American War: United States forces led by General Winfield Scott take Veracruz after a siege.
1849 - The United Kingdom annexes the Punjab.
1857 - Sepoy Mangal Pandey of the 34th Regiment, Bengal Native Infantry revolts against the British rule in India and inspires a long-drawn War of Independence of 1857 also known as the Sepoy Mutiny.
1865 - American Civil War: Battle of Appomattox Court House begins.
1867 - Queen Victoria gives Royal Assent to the British North America Act which establishes the Dominion of Canada on July 1.
1871 - The Royal Albert Hall is opened by Queen Victoria.
1879 - Anglo-Zulu War: Battle of Kambula: British forces defeat 20,000 Zulus.
1882 - The Knights of Columbus are established.
1911 - The M1911 semi-automatic handgun designed by John Browning becomes the standard-issue handgun in the United States Army, and is subsequently widely used in World War I, World War II, and the Korean War.
1930 - Heinrich Brüning is appointed German Reichskanzler.
1936 - In Germany, dictator Hitler receives 99% of the votes in a referendum to ratify Germany's illegal reoccupation of the Rhineland, receiving 44.5 million votes out of 45.5 million registered voters. In 1933 all political parties and political liberty had been abolished.
1941 - World War II: British Royal Navy and Royal Australian Navy forces intercept those of the Italian Regia Marina off the Peloponnesus coast of Greece in the Battle of Cape Matapan.
1941 - 80% of American AM radio stations change frequencies under the terms of NARBA.
1945 - World War II: Last day of V-1 flying bomb attacks on England.
1951 - Ethel and Julius Rosenberg are convicted of conspiracy to commit espionage.
1961 - The Twenty-third Amendment to the United States Constitution is ratified, allowing residents of Washington, DC to vote in presidential elections.
1966 - Muhammad Ali deafeats Canadian George Chuvalo in fifteen rounds in Toronto, Canada.
1971 - My Lai massacre: Lt. William Calley is convicted of premeditated murder and sentenced to life in prison.
1971 - A Los Angeles, California jury recommends the death penalty for Charles Manson and three female followers.
1973 - Vietnam War: The last United States soldiers leave South Vietnam.
1974 - NASA's Mariner 10 becomes the first spaceprobe to fly by Mercury. It was launched on November 3, 1973.
1982 - The Canada Act 1982 (U.K.) receives the Royal Assent by Queen Elizabeth II, setting the stage for the Queen of Canada to proclaim the Constitution Act, 1982
1982 - The long running serial Search for Tomorrow moves to NBC after almost 31 years with CBS and becomes the second soap opera to switch networks since The Edge of Night moved from CBS to ABC-TV on December 1, 1975.
1993 - Catherine Callbeck becomes premier of Prince Edward Island and Canada's first female premier.
1993 - Edouard Balladur becomes Prime Minister of France.
1999 - The Dow Jones Industrial Average closes at 10006.78 – above the 10,000 mark for the first time ever.
2002 - Premiere of Janez Lapajne's first feature film Rustling Landscapes (Šelestenje).
2004 - Bulgaria, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Romania, Slovakia and Slovenia join NATO as full members.
2004 - The Republic of Ireland becomes the first country in the world to ban smoking in all work places, including bars and restaurants.
2006 - total solar eclipse observed from 08:36 GMT (09:36 BST) to 11:48 GMT (12:48 BST) in Eastern Brazil, West and North Africa, Turkey, Central Asia and Mongolia

Holidays

Festival of Ishtar.
Youth Day in Taiwan
Memorial day and commemoration of the 1947 revolt against French colonisation in Madagascar
St. Bertold (d.1179)
St. Eustace
St. Jonas (d. 327)
St. Ludolf of Ratzeburg (d.1250)
Blessed Hugo (d.1239)
     
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